In this article, you will read about how world’s safest mode of transportation gone wrong and happened some (10) horrible aviation disasters in this world.
Nowadays airline travel is one of the safest forms of public transportation but sometimes the landings of the planes scare peoples. In terms of traveling long distance or short distance, flying on an airplane is the fastest and easiest way to get to your destinations in a short time period. The main problem is that flat stretches of the runway are not always available in certain places and this means that the pilots of the airplane must be particularly skilled to land a plane safely. Here is the listing of top 10 disaster happens in the aviation industry.
1. Malaysia Airline 370 (Biggest aviation disasters)
It was a scheduled international passenger flight operated by Malaysia Airlines. The flight was disappeared on March 8 in 2014 while flying from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing Capital International Airport in China. The crew of Boeing 777- 200ER last communicated with Air Traffic Control (ATC) 38 minutes after the take off. That time it was over the south china sea, but it was lost from ATC radar screens. After a minute it was tracked by military radar. After an hour it was deviating westwards from its planned flight path, crossing the Malay Peninsula and Andaman sea.
The disappearance of this flight was the deadliest incident of Malaysia Airlines. The search of the missing airplane became the costliest in the aviation industry. It was initially emphasized the South China and Andaman seas. Before analysis of the aircraft automated communications with an Inmarsat satellite identified a possible crash site somewhere in the southern Indian ocean.
The operation headed by Joint Agency Coordination Centre has suspended their activities in Jan 2017. The second search started by the private contractor ocean infinity in Jan 2018 also ended it without success after 6 months.
At various stages of investigations, possible hijacking scenarios are considered, including crew involvement, suspicion of the airplane’s cargo manifest and many unofficial theories have also been proposed by the media.
2.Egypt Air Flight 990
It was a regularly scheduled flight from LOS Angeles international airport to united states Cairo international airport with a stop at John F. Kennedy International airport, New York city.
The Boeing 767 operating the route crashed into the Atlantic Ocean about 100 kilometers south of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts. Around 220 passengers and crew on board were dead in this incident.
The national transportation safety board determines that the probable cause of the flight. As the crash occurred in international waters. It was investigated by the ministry of civil aviation and ECAA (Egyptian civil aviation agency). As the agency lacked the resources of the much larger U.S national transportation safety board the government of Egypt asked the safety board to handle the investigation.
After some time, Safety board proposed handling the investigation over to the federal bureau of investigation. As the evidence suggested a criminal act and the crash was intentional rather than accidental.
This proposal was unacceptable to Egyptian authorities and NTSB continued to lead the investigations. The NTSB concluded “Not Determined” while the ECAA determined that the incident caused by mechanical failure in the airplane.
3. TWA Flight 800
This is one another most dangerous aviation disasters among this list. TWA (Trans World Airlines) flight was Boeing 747-100. It was exploded and crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches, New York on July 1996. This incident happens, just 12 minutes after take-off from John. F Kennedy international airport.
This accident was the third deadliest aviation accident in U.S. history. According to NTSB a terrorist attack was the cause of the crash. After sixteen months the joint terrorism task force announced that no evidence had been found of a criminal act and closed the investigation.
NTSB 4 years investigation concluded with the approval of the aircraft accident report on August 23, 2000. According to the conclusion of the report probably cause of the accident was an explosion of flammable fuel vapors in the center fuel tank but it could not determine with certainty.
4. United Airlines Flight 585
It was a scheduled passenger flight on 3 March in 1991 from Denver to Colorado Springs. The aircraft was cleared for the visual approach to the runway and then suddenly rolled to the right and pitched nose down.
The crew of the aircraft tried to initiate a go-around by selecting 15-degree flaps and an increase in thrust. But the altitude decreased rapidly and acceleration increased to over 4G. Then the aircraft crashed into a wide field park less than four miles from the runway at a speed of 245 mph.
The NTSB commenced an investigation which lasted for 21 months. According to the investigation of NTSB it was determined that the crash of flight were the result of a sudden malfunction or the aircraft radar power control unit. On March 27, 2001 NTSB issued a revised final report which found that cause of the crash was because of mechanical malfunction.
5. USA Air Flight 427
It was a scheduled flight from Chicago O’Hare international airport to Pittsburgh international airport, with a destination of west palm beach, Florida. Boeing 737 flying this route on 8 September 1994 was crashed while approaching runway 28R of Pittsburgh airport.
NTSB investigate the accident. According to their investigation it was determined that the probable cause was that the aircraft’s radar malfunctioned and went hard over in a direction opposite to that commanded by pilots. That causes the plane to enter an aerodynamic stall from where the pilots were unable to recover. All 132 people on board died in this accident.
6. Flying Tiger Line Flight 739
It was a Lockheed L-1049 super constellation propliner chartered by the united states military. It was disappeared on March 16, 1962, over the western Pacific Ocean. The craft was transporting 93 U.S. soldiers and 3 South Vietnamese from Travis Air Force Base, California to Vietnam. After refueling at Andersen Air Force base, the super constellation was in route to Clark air base in Philippines when the craft is disappeared.
All 107 person on the flight were declared missing and presumed dead. The disappearance of the aircraft prompted one of the large air and sea searches in the history of the Pacific.
7. Air France Flight 447
It was a scheduled international passengers flight from Rio De Janeiro from Brazil to Paris France. The flight was crashed on 1 June 2009. The Airbus A330, operated by Air France did not recover eventually crashing into the Atlantic Ocean at 2:14 UTC and all 228 passengers died in this accident.
The disaster was investigated by France’s Bureau was hampered because the aircraft flight recorders were not recovered from the ocean floor until May 2011 nearly two years later. The final report of the bureau released at a news conference on 5 July 2012 concluded that the aircraft crashed after temporary inconsistencies between the airspeed measurements.
8. Qantas Flight 72
It was a scheduled flight from Singapore airport to Perth airport on 7 October 2008. The flight made an emergency landing at Learmonth airport near the town of Exmouth Western Australia. following an in-flight accident featuring a pair of sudden uncommented pitch down that severely injured many passengers and crew.
The Australian Transport Safety Bureau investigate this disaster and found a fault with one of the aircrafts. The ADIRU (Air Data Inertial Reference Unit) began to supply incorrect data and loss of altitude information on the captain’s primary flight display.
9. Air India Flight 855
The plane crashed have been caused by the captain. He had become spatially disoriented after the failure of one of the flight instruments in the cockpit and the crew failed to gain control based on the other flight instruments. The accident was the Air India’s deadliest aircraft cash until the bombing of flight 182 in 1985.
10. Air India Flight 182
According to Canadian law, the main suspects in the bombing were members of the Sikh militant group Babbar Khalsa. The attack is thought to have been in retaliation to the Indian government’s Operation Blue Star in which the Indian army the golden temple in Amritsar to remove occupying sikh militants from temple.