We live in the 21st century. Here each and every individual is free to do whatever they like. They can act and live the way they like. In today’s era we talk about freedom but in reality, not all individuals are free. Slavery is abolished is definitely a fact. It is made illegal in all the countries of the world. But people are still slaves to many things. One such situation where an individual lacks freedom is human trafficking. It is prevalent widely amongst many countries of the world.
Human trafficking has become a practice. It is a disgrace to the existing society. Some countries have laws regarding this but some don’t. These laws do exist but are hardly enforced well.
Before going to the countries who are infamous for this, let’s first understand what it actually means?
Human trafficking is the trade of humans. It is most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor or for the extraction of organs or tissues. Human trafficking is done because it ensures that these traffickers get easy money and that too in no time. It is a very risky job. The traffickers have established a very strong network throughout the world. Due to this even the global police are finding it very difficult to bring an end to these activities. Human trafficking is extremely inhuman. It goes against the very principles of human rights. Human trafficking is carried out more in poor, underdeveloped or developing countries. The countries that have a large urban-rural gap are especially targeted.
Here are the top 10 countries infamous for human trafficking –
China is a top developing country in the world. Almost everyone keeps talking about how China will soon turn into a super-power. But one thing to know here is, as modern and planned are the Chinese cities, equally poor and unplanned are the villages. The urban-rural gap is very large. China is a source and a destination for human trafficking.
Humans are trafficked mostly for the sake of forced labour or prostitution. The labour in China is cheap because of it’s population. Traffickers make use of this fact. They lure poor people into trafficking for labour. Forced prostitution happens within and beyond the Chinese borders.
Uganda is not that unknown to miserable life conditions. People in Uganda are subjected to violence on a daily basis. This is due to the conflicts between the state and the rebels. It is a very poor nation. The radicals do not have money to employ people in their armies. So, they traffic children. They force them to join the military forces. Children of small ages, have to vigil these camps. They have to work with guns heavier than them. They are even forced to kill other people. Girls are forced into sexual slavery. They are treated very badly. Sometimes, these young children are killed for their organs. Their organs are then sold into the market for a very high price.
Ghana is not a poor or a very rich country. Ghana has a lot of mines, like gold mines. Ghana has become a point of origin and a destination for a lot of trafficking. This trafficking is mostly in children. The children are forced to work as labourers in the mines. They are not even paid, usually. The girl child is forced into prostitution while others are forced into fishing, begging etc. The conditions of these children is terrible. The children are also injured on purpose so that people give money to them out of sympathy. Yet, this money goes straight to traffickers.A lot of women and children are also used as laborers to work in mines. Often, these people lose their eye sight. They are not taken care of. This situation worsens day by day.
Human trafficking is a major problem in India. It is an illegal act in India by law. But laws are not implemented properly. Humans are trafficked from India for various purposes such as forced labour, prostitution, organ implantation etc. Girls are forced to become surrogate mothers. And this all happens against their will. Children are trafficked for working into factories. These factories manufacture dangerous stuff like gunpowder. Even rackets are wherein children are forced to beg. This is done so that they earn more by gaining sympathy. The children are tortured in many ways like hot oil is poured into their eyes to blind them, they’re beaten till they’re greatly injured and to the last level of all this, their organs are sold off in the market. Government is taking action against this but it does not seem to be working.
There are laws in India regarding human trafficking (Immoral Trafficking Prevention Act (ITPA) and Sections 366(A) and 372). These rules are used in order to prevent trafficking. These also are helpful against inhumane practices. They don’t seem to work well when it comes to actually implementing them.
Pakistan also faces a lot of problems due to human trafficking. People are trafficked into the country and outside it. The biggest problem that Pakistan faces is that of bonded labour. Bonded labour can be for domestic help or for working in industries. This takes place especially in the Sindh and Punjab regions. Prostitution is also a major reason. Despite of being regarded as a religious, orthodox country, the rate of prostitution is very high.
Human trafficking is a very serious concern in Nepal. The most increasing human trafficking taking place is the trafficking of women from Nepal to India. Taking an estimate, 5,000 to 10,000 Nepali women and girls are trafficked just to India per year. It is considered to be the busiest route of human trafficking. Nepali girls are preferred because of their light skin colour. A lot of people are brought into India from Nepal as India is a fast developing country. It is in need of a lot of labour. Nepal provides cheap labour. Nepal also has human trafficking connections with other countries across the globe.
7. Sri Lanka
Humans are trafficked in and outside Sri Lanka. This is done mainly for the purposes of domestic help, prostitution and labour. Within Sri Lanka, children are trafficked around. They are used in the military forces. Sri Lanka had been in turmoil over the Government- LTTE conflicts since a long time. The LTTE sometimes forcibly recruited these children. They are to be used in the war against the government. Females are trafficked into Sri Lanka to be exploited sexually.
Russia is known for this trafficking practice as it has history for trafficking women and children to a lot of other countries and still has this practice going on. Years ago, men and women had a little shortage of money. So, they didn’t have an option of being employed anywhere else. One of the reason is that there was no money for them to get themselves educated. And since there wasn’t much option, they were forced to go to other countries and become slaves. Women were usually forced into prostitution.
It is a small country in South America. It is a very poor country. It mostly runs on tourism. Tourists influx from America and Europe is very high. Haiti faces the biggest problem of human trafficking. This problem is in form of slavery and prostitution. One thing that makes Haiti worse from other countries in this matter is that these prostitutes are young girls aged 12. The girls here are forced to have sex with these foreigner tourists . Apart from all this they have to beg for coins to be able to eat a meal in a day.
Bangladesh is the most infamous country in respect of human trafficking. It is a major hub for transit routes. It is a source, and destination for human trafficking. Women and children are all forced into doing things. Forced prostitution, labour, organ donations, selling of organs, even selling ova eggs, are common in Bangladesh. A lot of Bangladeshi people are trafficked to India and China. From there, they are further moved to other countries. These people have a very terrible life,they are mistreated, they are poor .
Human trafficking is a criminal offence. All the governments, the police forces of the world and UN should join hands in the work against human trafficking.